3 years ago

[ASAP] Charge Distribution between Different Classes of Glycerophospolipids in MALDI-MS Imaging

[ASAP] Charge Distribution between Different Classes of Glycerophospolipids in MALDI-MS Imaging
Marcel S. Boskamp, Jens Soltwisch
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) is widely used to visualize and analyze the distribution of membrane lipids in an increasingly large number of applications. In this context, different lipoforms of glycerophospholipids (GPLs) are among the prime targets of interest. For this group of analytes, however, ion suppression effects have been described to strongly favor the detection of certain GPL classes over others, thereby hampering the analysis of suppressed species and greatly restraining quantitative analysis. These effects are generally attributed to the distribution of available charge carriers during the MALDI process. Here, we present a systematic investigation of charge distribution between different classes of GPL under MALDI-MSI conditions. For this, we constructed arrays of artificial tissues with different formulated lipid composition that contained predefined amounts of only two specific GPL classes and analyzed them with MALDI-MSI in positive- and negative-ion modes. Next to a characterization of expected ion suppression effects, analysis of these binary systems revealed yet undescribed signal intensity enhancement for the combinations of certain GPL classes. Furthermore, the comprehensive data allowed us to compile a hierarchy of charge affinities for the investigated GPL classes in both polarities. Additional experiments revealed that laser post-ionization (MALDI-2) has great potential to overwrite changes in signal intensity caused by charge distribution among different GPL classes observed in standard MALDI-MSI.
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