5 years ago

Reduced ADAMTS13 levels in patients with acute and chronic cerebrovascular disease

Peter Kraft, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Hans Deckmyn, Karen Vanhoorelbeke, Simon F. De Meyer, Christiane Drechsler, Inge Pareyn, Frederik Denorme

by Frederik Denorme, Peter Kraft, Inge Pareyn, Christiane Drechsler, Hans Deckmyn, Karen Vanhoorelbeke, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Simon F. De Meyer

Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) plays a major role in thrombosis and hemostasis and its thrombogenicity is controlled by ADAMTS13. Whereas increasing evidence shows a clear association between VWF levels and acute ischemic stroke, little is known about a correlation with ADAMTS13. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare plasma levels of ADAMTS13 between 85 healthy volunteers (HV), 104 patients with acute ischemic stroke and 112 patients with a chronic cerebrovascular disease (CCD). In this case-control study, plasma ADAMTS13 antigen levels were measured by ELISA and plasma VWF levels, measured previously, were next used to calculate VWF:ADAMTS13 ratios. ADAMTS13 levels and VWF:ADAMTS13 ratios were subsequently correlated with key demographic and clinical parameters. ADAMTS13 levels were significantly lower in acute ischemic stroke patients (82.6 ± 21.0%) compared with HV (110.6 ± 26.9%). Also, CCD patients (99.6 ± 24.5%) had significantly lower ADAMTS13 levels compared with HV however these were still higher than in acute stroke patients. Furthermore, when assessing the VWF:ADAMTS13 ratios, an even greater difference was revealed between stroke patients (2.7 ± 1.9), HV (1.1 ± 0.5) and CCD patients (1.7 ± 0.7). The VWF:ADAMTS13 ratio was significantly associated with stroke severity and modality. In conclusion, both in acute and chronic cerebrovascular disease patients, ADAMTS13 levels were significantly decreased, with the lowest ADAMTS13 levels found in acute stroke patients. This difference was even more distinct when the ratio of VWF:ADAMTS13 was considered. These results demonstrate the potentially important involvement of the VWF/ADAMTS13 axis in ischemic stroke.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179258

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.