3 years ago

Association of blood pressure variability with orthostatic intolerance symptoms

Sang Kun Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Do-Yong Kim, Tae-Won Yang, Tae-Joon Kim, Manho Kim, Jung-Ah Lim, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Kyung-Il Park, Ki-Young Jung, Soon-Tae Lee, Jung-Ick Byun, Kon Chu, Jangsup Moon

by Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Tae-Won Yang, Do-Yong Kim, Jung-Ah Lim, Tae-Joon Kim, Jung-Ick Byun, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Kyung-Il Park, Ki-Young Jung, Manho Kim, Sang Kun Lee, Kon Chu

The short-term blood pressure variability (BPV) reflects autonomic regulatory mechanisms. However, the influence of BPV in orthostatic intolerance (OI) is unknown. Herein, we assessed BPV profiles in patients with OI and determined their association with orthostatic symptoms. In this cross-sectional study, we prospectively enrolled 126 patients presenting with OI at the Seoul National University Hospital from December 2014 to August 2016. Among them, those with other neurological diseases (n = 8) and insufficient BP measurements (n = 15) were excluded. The degree of OI symptoms were measured using the self-administered orthostatic intolerance questionnaire (OIQ). All patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and we calculated the standard deviation and coefficient of variation as a measure of BPV. The mean age was 48.6 years and the average of the total OIQ score was 11.6. The severe OI group had higher BPV values than the mild group, although mean BP profiles did not differ significantly. Correlation analysis demonstrated that the orthostatic symptoms were positively correlated with diastolic BPV for the total and awake periods. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that diastolic BPV (B = 0.46, p = 0.031) and current smoking (B = 4.687, p = 0.018) were independent factors for higher OI symptom scores after adjusting for covariates. The results of the current study demonstrated that a positive correlation exists between BPV and OI symptoms. Further studies are required to confirm the present findings and understand the neural mechanisms contributing to the excessive BPV in patients with OI.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179132

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