3 years ago

Catalysis of Cross-Coupling and Homocoupling Reactions of Aryl Halides Utilizing Ni(0), Ni(I), and Ni(II) Precursors; Ni(0) Compounds as the Probable Catalytic Species but Ni(I) Compounds as Intermediates and Products

Catalysis of Cross-Coupling and Homocoupling Reactions of Aryl Halides Utilizing Ni(0), Ni(I), and Ni(II) Precursors; Ni(0) Compounds as the Probable Catalytic Species but Ni(I) Compounds as Intermediates and Products
Peter H. M. Budzelaar, Patrick Wienefeld, Michael C. Baird, Adeela Manzoor
Both Ni(0) and Ni(I) compounds are believed to exhibit cross-coupling catalytic properties under various conditions, and the compounds Ni(PPh3)4 and NiCl(PPh3)3 are compared as catalysts for representative Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck–Mizoroki cross-coupling reactions. The Ni(0) compound exhibits catalytic activities, for cross-coupling of chloro and bromoanisole with phenylboronic acid and of bromobenzene with styrene, yielding results which are comparable with those of many palladium-based catalysts, but our findings with NiCl(PPh3)3 are at this point unclear. It seems to convert to catalytically active Ni(0) species under Suzuki–Miyaura reaction conditions and is ineffective for Heck–Mizoroki cross-coupling. The paramagnetic Ni(I) compounds NiX(PPh3)3 (X = Cl, Br, I) are characterized for the first time by 1H NMR spectroscopy and are found to exhibit broad meta and para resonances at δ 9–11 and 3–4, respectively, and very broad ortho resonances at δ 4−6; these resonances are very useful for detecting Ni(I) species in solution. The chemical shifts of NiCl(PPh3)3 vary with the concentration of free PPh3, with which it exchanges, and are also temperature-dependent, consistent with Curie law behavior. The compound trans-NiPhCl(PPh3)2, the product of oxidative addition of chlorobenzene to Ni(PPh3)4 and a putative intermediate in cross-coupling reactions of chlorobenzene, is found during the course of this investigation to exhibit entirely unanticipated thermal lability in solution in the absence of free PPh3. It readily decomposes to biphenyl and NiCl(PPh3)2 in a reaction relevant to the long-known but little-understood nickel-catalyzed conversion of aryl halides to biaryls. Ni(I) and biphenyl formation is initiated by PPh3 dissociation from trans-NiPhCl(PPh3)2 and formation of a dinuclear intermediate, a process which is now better defined using DFT methodologies.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00446

DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00446

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.