4 years ago

Softened Mechanical Properties of Graphene Induced by Electric Field

Softened Mechanical Properties of Graphene Induced by Electric Field
Jian Li, Dan Guo, Peng Huang, Guoxin Xie
The understanding on the mechanical properties of graphene under the applications of physical fields is highly relevant to the reliability and lifetime of graphene-based nanodevices. In this work, we demonstrate that the application of electric field could soften the mechanical properties of graphene dramatically on the basis of the conductive AFM nanoindentation method. It has been found that the Young’s modulus and fracture strength of graphene nanosheets suspended on the holes almost stay the same initially and then exhibit a sharp drop when the normalized electric field strength increases to be 0.18 ± 0.03 V/nm. The threshold voltage of graphene nanosheets before the onset of fracture under the fixed applied load increases with the thickness. Supported graphene nanosheets can sustain larger electric field under the same applied load than the suspended ones. The excessively regional Joule heating caused by the high electric current under the applied load is responsible for the electromechanical failure of graphene. These findings can provide a beneficial guideline for the electromechanical applications of graphene-based nanodevices.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02965

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02965

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