Matthew Sherburne, Hong Ding, Krishnamoorthy Thirumal, Yan Chen, Mark Asta, Subodh G. Mhaisalkar, Wei Xie, Yao Cai, Lydia H. Wong, Nripan Mathews
The electronic structure and energetic stability of A2BX6 halide compounds with the cubic and tetragonal variants of the perovskite-derived K2PtCl6 prototype structure are investigated computationally within the frameworks of density-functional-theory (DFT) and hybrid (HSE06) functionals. The HSE06 calculations are undertaken for seven known A2BX6 compounds with A = K, Rb, and Cs; and B = Sn, Pd, Pt, Te, and X = I. Trends in band gaps and energetic stability are identified, which are explored further employing DFT calculations over a larger range of chemistries, characterized by A = K, Rb, Cs, B = Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, Ni, Pd, Pt, Se, and Te; and X = Cl, Br, I. For the systems investigated in this work, the band gap increases from iodide to bromide to chloride. Further, variations in the A site cation influences the band gap as well as the preferred degree of tetragonal distortion. Smaller A site cations such as K and Rb favor tetragonal structural distortions, resulting in a slightly larger band gap. For variations in the B site in the (Ni, Pd, Pt) group and the (Se, Te) group, the band gap increases with increasing cation size. However, no observed chemical trend with respect to cation size for band gap was found for the (Si, Sn, Ge, Pb) group. The findings in this work provide guidelines for the design of halide A2BX6 compounds for potential photovoltaic applications.