3 years ago

Antigen-Specific Gut Inflammation and Systemic Immune Responses Induced by Prolonging Wheat Gluten Sensitization in BALB/c Murine Model

Antigen-Specific Gut Inflammation and Systemic Immune Responses Induced by Prolonging Wheat Gluten Sensitization in BALB/c Murine Model
Nawneet K. Kurrey, M. Vijaykrishnaraj, P. Prabhasankar, S. P. Muthukumar, B. V. Mohan Kumar
Gluten-related diseases such as wheat allergy, celiac disease, and gluten intolerance are widespread around the globe to genetically predisposed individuals. The present study aims to develop a wheat-gluten induced BALB/c murine model for addressing wheat-gluten related disorders by sensitizing the wheat gluten through the route of intraperitoneal and oral challenge in prolonged days. During the sensitization, the sera were collected for specific antigliadin antibodies response and proinflammatory markers quantification. Ex vivo primary cells and organs were collected for subsequent analysis of inflammatory profile. Prolonging sensitization of gluten can moderate the antigen-specific inflammatory markers such as IL-1β, IL-4, IL-15, IL-6, IFN-γ and TNF-α levels in mice sera. However, ex vivo primary cells of splenocytes (SPLs) and intestinal epithelial lymphocytes (IELs) significantly increased the IL-6, IL-15, IL-1β, and IL-4 levels in G+ (gliadin and gluten) treated cells. Histopathology staining of jejunum sections indicates enterocyte degeneration in the apical part of villi and damage of tight junctions in G+ (gliadin and gluten) sensitized murine model. Immunohistochemistry of embedded jejunum sections showed significant expression of positive cells of IL-15, tTG and IL-4 in G+ sensitized murine model. In contrast, all markers of gluten-related disorders are expressed exclusively such as tTG, ZO-1, IL-15, IL-6, IL-4, and intestinal inflammation was mediated by iNOS, COX-2, TLR-4 and NF-kBp50 signaling mechanism in G+ sensitized mice.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00199

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00199

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.