4 years ago

Layered Simple Hydroxides Functionalized by Fluorene-Phosphonic Acids: Synthesis, Interface Theoretical Insights, and Magnetoelectric Effect

Layered Simple Hydroxides Functionalized by Fluorene-Phosphonic Acids: Synthesis, Interface Theoretical Insights, and Magnetoelectric Effect
Cédric Leuvrey, Ziyad Chaker, Guido Ori, Paul-Alain Jaffrès, Alain Pautrat, Mélissa Roger, Mathieu Gallart, Guillaume Rogez, Mauro Boero, Jean-Michel Rueff, Pierre Gilliot, Emilie Delahaye, Charlotte M. Sevrain, Carlo Massobrio, Quentin Evrard, Pierre Rabu
Copper- and cobalt-based layered simple hydroxides (LSH) are successfully functionalized by a series of fluorene mono- and diphosphonic acids, using anionic exchange reactions and a preintercalation strategy. The lateral functionalization of the fluorene moieties has only little impact on the overall structure of the obtained layered hybrid materials but it influences the organization of the molecules within the interlamellar spacing. For bulky fluorene (9,9-dioctyl derivative), luminescence is preserved when inserted into copper and cobalt hydroxydes, whereas it is completely quenched for the other fluorenes. Detailed characterization of the internal structure and chemical bonding properties for copper- and cobalt-based hybrids is performed via ancillary experimental techniques. For the copper-based LSH class, for which more elusive findings are found, first-principles molecular dynamics simulations unravel the fundamental stabilizing role of the H-bonding network promoted within the local environments of the fluorene mono- and diphosphonic acids. The cobalt series of compounds constitute a new class of hybrid magnets, with ordering temperatures ranging from 11.8 to 17.8 K and show a clear magnetoelectric effect. This effect appears above a threshold magnetic field, which is null below the magnetic ordering temperature, and it persists in the paramagnetic regime till about 110 K. Copper and cobalt layered simple hydroxides can be functionalized by a series of fluorene phosphonic acids. X-ray diffraction and first-principles molecular dynamics underline the role of water molecules at the organic–inorganic interface in the copper analogues. The cobalt analogues present a ferrimagnetic ordering at TC ranging from 11.8 to 17.8 K and a rare magnetoelectric effect, which extends till 110 K.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201703576

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