4 years ago

Separating the pH-Dependent Behavior of Water in the Stern and Diffuse Layers with Varying Salt Concentration

Separating the pH-Dependent Behavior of Water in the Stern and Diffuse Layers with Varying Salt Concentration
Sun Kim, Sandra Roy, Md. Shafiul Azam, Dennis K. Hore, Emma L. DeWalt-Kerian, Tasha A. Jarisz, Akemi M. Darlington, Julianne M. Gibbs
Vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy was utilized to distinguish different populations of water molecules within the electric double layer (EDL) at the silica/water interface. By systematically varying the electrolyte concentration, surface deprotonation, and SFG polarization combinations, we provide evidence of two regions of water molecules that have distinct pH-dependent behavior when the Stern layer is present (with onset between 10 and 100 mM NaCl). For example, water molecules near the surface in the Stern layer can be probed by the pss polarization combination, while other polarization combinations (ssp and ppp) predominantly probe water molecules further from the surface in the diffuse part of the electrical double layer. For the water molecules adjacent to the surface within the Stern layer, upon increasing the pH from the point-of-zero charge of silica (pH ∼2) to higher values (pH ∼12), we observe an increase in alignment consistent with a more negative surface with increasing pH. In contrast, water molecules further from the surface appear to exhibit a net flip in orientation upon increasing the pH over the same range, which we attribute to the presence of the Stern layer and possible overcharging of the EDL at lower pH. The opposing pH-dependent behavior of water in these two regions sheds new light on our understanding of the water structure within the EDL at high salt concentrations when the Stern layer is present.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03522

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03522

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.