3 years ago

Mechanisms and Origins of Periselectivity of the Ambimodal [6 + 4] Cycloadditions of Tropone to Dimethylfulvene

Mechanisms and Origins of Periselectivity of the Ambimodal [6 + 4] Cycloadditions of Tropone to Dimethylfulvene
Tiffany Q. Chen, Yu-hong Lam, Zhongyue Yang, K. N. Houk, Ashay Patel, Cyndi Qixin He, Ching-Yang Liu, Peiyuan Yu
The mechanisms and selectivities of the cycloadditions of tropone to dimethylfulvene have been investigated with M06-2X and B3LYP-D3 density functional theory (DFT) calculations and quasi-classical direct molecular dynamics simulations. The originally proposed reaction mechanism (Houk) involves a highly peri-, regio-, and stereoselective [6F + 4T] cycloaddition of tropone [4π] to dimethylfulvene [6π], followed by a [1,5] hydrogen shift, and, finally, a second [6 + 4] cycloaddition of tropone [6π] to the cyclopentadiene moiety [4π]. Paddon-Row and Warrener proposed an alternative mechanism: the initial cycloaddition involves a different [6T + 4F] cycloaddition in which fulvene acts as the 4π component, and a subsequent Cope rearrangement produces the formal [6F + 4T] adduct. Computations now demonstrate that the initial cycloaddition proceeds via an ambimodal transition state that can lead to both of the proposed [6 + 4] adducts. These adducts can interconvert through a [3,3] sigmatropic shift (Cope rearrangement). Molecular dynamics simulations reveal the initial distribution of products and provide insights into the time-resolved mechanism of this ambimodal cycloaddition. Competing [4 + 2] cycloadditions and various sigmatropic shifts are also explored.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b02966

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b02966

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.