3 years ago

Phospholipase D and Phosphatidic Acid Mediate Heat Stress Induced Secondary Metabolism in Ganoderma lucidum

Ai-Liang Jiang, Jing Zhu, Liang Shi, Yong-Nan Liu, Ming-Wen Zhao, Ang Ren, Ya-Ping Lu, Chen Dai, Xiao-Xiao Lu, Han-Shou Yu
Phospholipid-mediated signal transduction plays a key role in responses to environmental changes, but little is known about the role of phospholipid signalling in microorganisms. Heat stress (HS) is one of the most important environmental factors. Our previous study found that HS could induce the biosynthesis of the secondary metabolites, ganoderic acids (GA). Here, we performed a comprehensive mass spectrometry-based analysis to investigate HS-induced lipid remodelling in Ganoderma lucidum. In particular, we observed a significant accumulation of phosphatidic acid (PA) upon HS. Further genetic tests in which pld-silencing strains were constructed demonstrated that the accumulation of PA is dependent on HS-activated phospholipase D (PLD) hydrolysing phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Furthermore, we determined the role of PLD and PA in HS-induced secondary metabolism in G. lucidum. Exogenous 1-butanol, which decreased PLD-mediated formation of PA, reverses the increased GA biosynthesis that was elicited by HS. The pld-silenced strains partly blocked HS-induced GA biosynthesis, and this block can be reversed by adding PA. Taken together, our results suggest that PLD and PA are involved in the regulation of HS-induced secondary metabolism in G. lucidum. Our findings provide key insights into how microorganisms respond to heat stress and then consequently accumulate secondary metabolites by phospholipid remodelling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.13928

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