3 years ago

Relationship between genetic variants of ACE2 gene and circulating levels of ACE2 and its metabolites

Relationship between genetic variants of ACE2 gene and circulating levels of ACE2 and its metabolites
L. J. Jin, D. Liu, H. M. Yu, P. Zhang, J. C. Zhong, C. J. Zhang, X. M. Zhou, Y. Y. Chen
What is known Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) plays an important role in the development of essential hypertension (EH). Genetic factors remarkably influence circulating ACE2 level. Objective Because heritability had remarkable effects on circulating ACE2, we designed this study to shed light on whether circulating levels of ACE2, angiotensin-(1-7) and angiotensin-(1-9) were linked to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes in ACE2 gene. Methods A total of 213 patients with newly diagnosed mild to moderate EH were enrolled in the present study. Four ACE2 tag SNPs (rs2074192, rs4646171, rs4646155 and rs2106809) were genotyped, and major haplotypes consisting of these 4 SNPs were reconstructed for all subjects. Circulating levels of ACE2, angiotensin-(1-7) and angiotensin-(1-9) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results In female subjects, linear regression analysis suggested that rare alleles of ACE2 rs2074192 and rs2106809 were associated with reduced circulating angiotensin-(1-7) levels (P=.007 and P=.006, respectively). ACE2 haplotype CAGC was associated with elevated circulating angiotensin-(1-7) levels (P=.03) whereas TAGT was associated with reduced circulating angiotensin-(1-7) levels in females (P<.001). Univariate linear regression analysis revealed that circulating ACE2 levels were positively associated with systolic blood pressure (P=.02), mean arterial pressure (P=.02) and serum creatinine (P<.001) in females whereas circulating ACE2 levels were positively associated with age (P<.001) and serum creatinine (P<.001) in males. What is new and conclusion ACE2 SNPs and haplotypes are associated with circulating angiotensin-(1-7) levels. ACE2 genetic variants may be the determinants of circulating angiotensin-(1-7) levels in hypertensive females. Relationship between genetic variants of ACE2 gene and circulating levels of ACE2 and its metabolites were studied in patients with EH. EH, essential hypertension; ACE2, angiotensin converting enzyme 2; Ang- (1–7), angiotensin- (1–7); Ang- (1–9), angiotensin- (1–9); ELISA, enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/jcpt.12625

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.