5 years ago

Introduction of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine and Trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine/Bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine Switch in the African Region.

Akanmori BD, Anya BP, Tevi-Benissan C, Biey JN, Eshetu M, Mihigo R, Nasir Y, Okeibunor J, Assefa A, du Châtellier GM, Dao H, Cheikh D
The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic plan outlines the phased removal of oral polio vaccines (OPVs), starting with type 2 poliovirus-containing vaccine and introduction of inactivated polio vaccine in routine immunization to mitigate against risk of vaccine-associated paralytic polio and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus. The objective includes strengthening routine immunization as the primary pillar to sustaining high population immunity. After 2 years without reporting any wild poliovirus (July 2014-2016), the region undertook the synchronized switch from trivalent OPV (tOPV) to bivalent OPV (bOPV) as recommended by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization. Consequently the 47 countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region switched from the use of tOPV to bOPV within the stipulated period of April 2016. Planning started early, routine immunization was strengthened, and technical and financial support was provided for vaccine registration, procurement, destruction, logistics, and management across countries by WHO in collaboration with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and partners. National commitment and ownership, as well as strong coordination and collaboration between UNICEF and WHO and with partners, ensured success of this major, historic public health undertaking.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28838178

DOI: PubMed:28838178

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