3 years ago

Population-Based Analysis and Projections of Liver Supply Under Redistricting

Hutton, David W., Sonnenday, Christopher J., Lavieri, Mariel S., Parikh, Neehar D., Marrero, Wesley J., Lok, Anna S.
imageBackground: To reduce the geographic heterogeneity in liver transplant allocation, the United Network of Organ Sharing has proposed redistricting, which is impacted by both donor supply and liver transplantation demand. We aimed to determine the impact of demographic changes on the redistricting proposal and characterize causes behind geographic heterogeneity in donor supply. Methods: We analyzed adult donors from 2002 to 2014 from the United Network of Organ Sharing database and calculated regional liver donation and utilization stratified by age, race, and body mass index. We used US population data to make regional projections of available donors from 2016 to 2025, incorporating the proposed 8-region redistricting plan. We used donors/100 000 population age 18 to 84 years (D/100K) as a measure of equity. We calculated a coefficient of variation (standard deviation/mean) for each regional model. We performed an exploratory analysis where we used national rates of donation, utilization and both for each regional model. Results: The overall projected D/100K will decrease from 2.53 to 2.49 from 2016 to 2025. The coefficient of variation in 2016 is expected to be 20.3% in the 11-region model and 13.2% in the 8-region model. We found that standardizing regional donation and utilization rates would reduce geographic heterogeneity to 4.9% in the 8-region model and 4.6% in the 11-region model. Conclusions: The 8-region allocation model will reduce geographic variation in donor supply to a significant extent; however, we project that geographic disparity will marginally increase over time. Though challenging, interventions to better standardize donation and utilization rates would be impactful in reducing geographic heterogeneity in organ supply.
You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.