4 years ago

Longitudinal Pharmacokinetics of Everolimus When Combined With Low-level of Tacrolimus in Elderly Renal Transplant Recipients

David-Neto, Elias, Galante, Nelson Zocoler, de Almeida Rezende Ebner, Persio, Romano, Paschoalina, Ramos, Fernanda, Lemos, Francine Brambate Carvalhinho, Agena, Fabiana, Coelho, Venceslau, Triboni, Ana Heloisa Kamada
imageBackground: Although the proportion of elderly patients among renal transplant recipients has increased, pharmacokinetic (PK) studies of immunosuppressants rarely include older patients. Methods: We studied 12-hour everolimus (EVL) PK in 16 elderly renal transplant recipients (all whites; 10 men; mean age, 64 ± 2 years (61-71 years), in 4 separate timepoints (at 7, 30, 60, and 150 days) after EVL introduction, corresponding to a mean postrenal transplantation day: PK1 (43 ± 4 days), PK2 (65 ± 7 days), PK3 (106 ± 17 days), and PK4 (206 ± 40 days). Patients received EVL (target trough level (Ctrough, 3-8 ng/mL), prednisone, and tacrolimus (TCL) (target Ctrough, 2-5 ng/mL). Results: Mean TCL-Ctrough was 7.2 ± 3.8, 4.9 ± 2.2, 4.9 ± 2.2, and 4.5 ± 1.2 ng/mL at PK1, PK2, PK3, and PK4, respectively. There were no differences among timepoints for mean EVL daily dose (data shown as PK3) (3.5 ± 1.3 mg/d), Ctrough (4.7 ± 2.5 ng/mL), AUC0-12h (106 ± 51 ng/h per mL), Caverage (8.8 ± 4.2 ng/mL), Cmax (19.2 ± 9.7 ng/mL), apparent Half-life (11.7 ± 4.2 hours), estimated total body clearance (0.39 ± 0.27 L/h), or fluctuation (166 ± 65%). Also, none of those PK parameters differed statistically when adjusted for body weight. EVL-Ctrough showed a very high correlation (r2 = 0.849) with AUC0-12h. Conclusions: Our data indicate that elderly renal transplant recipients starting EVL 1 month after transplantation along with a steady-state TCL level, present stable EVL-PK parameters without significant changes in dose or exposure during the first 6 months after renal transplantation.
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