5 years ago

Inhibition of T Cell Alloreactivity by Bronchial Epithelium Is Impaired in Lung Transplant Recipients, Through Pathways Involving TGF-β, IL-10 and HLA-G

Danel, Claire, Castier, Yves, Carosella, Edgardo, Rouas-Freiss, Nathalie, Bunel, Vincent, Mordant, Pierre, Thabut, Gabriel, Dupin, Clairelyne, Létuvé, Séverine, Pretolani, Marina, Mal, Hervé, Lhuillier, Elodie, Brugière, Olivier, Schilte, Clémentine
imageBackground: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation (LTx) results from bronchial epithelial cell (BECs) damages, thought to be orchestrated by T cells primed by antigen-presenting cell presenting alloantigens. In this cell cross-talk, BECs are also suspected to play a pivotal immunosuppressive role in T cell alloreactivity. We studied the immunomodulating role of BECs in a human ex vivo model of allogeneic T cell response, both in healthy subjects and LTx recipients. Methods: BECs from 35 LTx recipients (n = 22 stable, n = 13 BOS) and healthy controls (n = 25) were cultured as primary cell cultures. Their inhibitory capacities through the involvement of tolerogenic molecules (HLA-G, TGF-β, and IL-10) were tested on a mixed lymphocyte reaction between antigen-presenting cells and recipient T cells. Results: Control BECs inhibited T cell alloproliferation by a mean of 53 ± 7%. This inhibitory effect of BECs was significantly reduced in the stable LTx group (24 ± 8%, P = 0.009), but not in the BOS TxP group (53 ± 10%, P = 0.97). Neutralization of HLA-G, TGF-β, and IL-10 partially restored T cell alloproliferation, arguing for their involvement in the immunosuppressive effect of BECs. BECs culture supernatant from stable LTx patients with impaired BEC properties showed a skewed Th2-type secretion profile (high IL-4/IFN-γ ratio). Conclusions: The inhibitory properties of BECs are dysregulated in stable LTx recipients, which could suggest their instrumental role in the initiation of BOS process and potential targeted therapies.
You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.