5 years ago

Evaluation of the Effects of Tanezumab, a Monoclonal Antibody Against Nerve Growth Factor, on the Sympathetic Nervous System in Adult Cynomolgus Monkeys (Macaca fascicularis): A Stereologic, Histomorphologic, and Cardiofunctional Assessment.

Cummings T, Butler P, Arends R, Bhatt S, Belanger P, Zorbas M, Potter D, Butt M, Okerberg C, Foote S, Steidl-Nichols J, Hurst S, Evans M, Shelton D
Tanezumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against nerve growth factor is in development for treatment of chronic pain. Three nonclinical studies assessed effects of clinically relevant and supratherapeutic doses of tanezumab on the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) of adult nonhuman primates. Study 1 evaluated potential effects of subcutaneous (SC) tanezumab (1.2 mg/kg every 8 weeks [Q8W]) on SNS in cynomolgus monkeys for 3 or 6 months and reversibility or persistence of any effects through a nondosing/recovery period. Study 2 evaluated whether neuronal cell death occurs shortly after a single SC tanezumab injection (1.2 mg/kg). Assessments for these two studies included evaluations of superior cervical and cervicothoracic ganglia for neuronal cell death and morphology. Study 3 evaluated effects of SC tanezumab (1.2 mg/kg Q8W and 30 mg/kg/week) over 6 months on sympathetic control of cardiovascular function. Tanezumab exposure was associated with stereologic changes in sympathetic ganglia, including smaller ganglion volume, and smaller average neuron size/area beginning at 2 weeks and reaching maximal levels by 1 month with no further progression through 6 months. These changes were not associated with clinical signs, completely reversed upon tanezumab withdrawal, and were not considered adverse. Tanezumab had no adverse effects on sympathetic control of cardiovascular function. These data support the conclusion that tanezumab administration for up to 6 months has no adverse effects on SNS morphology or function and does not cause neuronal cell death in adult nonhuman primates.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28525647

DOI: PubMed:28525647

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