5 years ago

Deconvoluting Kinase Inhibitor Induced Cardiotoxicity.

Sagemark J, Stålring J, Choy AL, Peters MF, Scott CW, Smith GL, Hortigon-Vinagre MP, Carlsson L, Rodriguez V, Lamb ML, Lamore SD, Bates SM, Ahlberg E, Boyer S
Many drugs designed to inhibit kinases have their clinical utility limited by cardiotoxicity-related label warnings or prescribing restrictions. While this liability is widely recognized, designing safer kinase inhibitors (KI) requires knowledge of the causative kinase(s). Efforts to unravel the kinases have encountered pharmacology with nearly prohibitive complexity. At therapeutically relevant concentrations, KIs show promiscuity distributed across the kinome. Here, to overcome this complexity, 65 KIs with known kinome-scale polypharmacology profiles were assessed for effects on cardiomyocyte beating. Changes in human iPSC-cardiomyocyte (CM) beat rate and amplitude were measured using label-free cellular impedance. Correlations between beat effects and kinase inhibition profiles were mined by computation analysis (Matthews correlation coefficient) to identify associated kinases. Thirty kinases met criteria of having (i) pharmacological inhibition correlated with CM beat changes, (ii) expression in both hiPSC CM and adult heart tissue and (iii) effects on CM beating following single gene knockdown. A subset of these 30 kinases were selected for mechanistic follow up. Examples of kinases regulating processes spanning the excitation-contraction cascade were identified, including calcium flux (RPS6KA3, IKBKE) and action potential duration (MAP4K2). Finally, a simple model was created to predict functional cardiotoxicity whereby inactivity at three sentinel kinases (RPS6KB1, FAK, STK35) showed exceptional accuracy in vitro and translated to clinical KI safety data. For drug discovery, identifying causative kinases and introducing a predictive model should transform the ability to design safer KI medicines. For cardiovascular biology, discovering kinase previously unrecognized as influencing cardiovascular biology should stimulate investigation of underappreciated signaling pathways.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28453775

DOI: PubMed:28453775

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