4 years ago

Gender-related prognostic value and genomic pattern of intra-tumor heterogeneity in colorectal cancer.

Yan S, Wu Z, Zhang X, Gong Y, Zhang J, Guo W, Gan L, Liu X, Huang M
Intra-tumor heterogeneity (ITH) is crucial in tumorigenesis and resistance to target therapy. Here, we used mutant-allele tumor heterogeneity (MATH) to measure ITH based on next-generation sequencing data and high MATH was proven as an independent risk prognostic factor in male CRC patients in both a training set of 284 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and a validating set of 187 CRC patients from International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC). Further, the genomic pattern according to MATH demonstrated that mutation rates of TP53, IRF5 and KRAS were independently associated with MATH, and the latter two were only significant in male patients. As MATH increased, the fraction of somatic copy number alteration (SCNA) elevated. Moreover, more SCNA events was independently associated with MATH in male than in female. WNT pathway, TGF-β pathway and DNA repair deficiency was enriched in high MATH group and the latter two showed up only in male patients. In summary, we reveal the gender-related prognostic value of MATH and relevant genomic pattern in CRC. Potential mechanisms are provided and it remains to be proven whether they are drivers of subclone formation and ITH. Taking MATH into consideration in clinical trial might contribute to better therapeutic strategies in CRC with researches added on in the future.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28531253

DOI: PubMed:28531253

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