5 years ago

Knockdown of hnRNPK leads to increased DNA damage after irradiation and reduces survival of tumor cells.

Zimmermann N, Gieringer R, Mendler S, Beck C, Strozynski J, Schmidtmann I, Wiesmann N, Brieger J
Radiotherapy is an important treatment option in the therapy of multiple tumor entities among them head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the success of radiotherapy is limited by the development of radiation resistances. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNPK) is a cofactor of p53 and represents a potential target for radio sensitization of tumor cells. In this study, we analyzed the impact of hnRNPK on the DNA damage response after gamma irradiation. By yH2AX foci analysis, we found that hnRNPK knockdown increases DNA damage levels in irradiated cells. Tumor cells bearing a p53 mutation showed increased damage levels and delayed repair. Knockdown of hnRNPK applied simultaneously with irradiation reduced colony-forming ability and survival of tumor cells. Taken together, our data shows that hnRNPK is a relevant modifier of DNA damage repair and tumor cell survival. We therefore recommend further studies to evaluate the potential of hnRNPK as a drug target for improvement of radiotherapy success.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28426877

DOI: PubMed:28426877

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