5 years ago

Prognostic value of long non-coding RNA CCAT1 expression in patients with cancer: A meta-analysis

Xiangcheng Qing, Zengwu Shao, Fashuai Wu, Deyao Shi, Feng Gao

by Deyao Shi, Fashuai Wu, Feng Gao, Xiangcheng Qing, Zengwu Shao


LncRNA CCAT1 is significantly overexpressed in various types of cancers, suggesting that it might be associated with prognosis and clinicopathological features in patients with cancer.


A comprehensive search was performed in Pubmed, Web of Science, OVID and CNKI databases. We also retrieved articles from other sources, such as retrieving from the reference lists of relevant articles. Eligible studies were included based on defined exclusion and inclusion criteria to perform a meta-analysis. STATA 14.0 was used to estimate pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI), the heterogeneity among studies and publication bias to judge the prognostic value.


A total of 1587 patients from 11 eligible studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that high expression level of CCAT1 was significantly associated with shorter overall survival in cancer patients (HR 2.335, 95% CI:1.551–3.517); in the subgroup analysis, region (China or UK), sample size (more or less than 100), type of cancer (digestive or non-digestive disease) and paper quality (score more or less than 7) did not alter the association between CCAT1 expression and cancer prognosis but preoperative treatment did. And CCAT1 expression was an independent prognostic marker for overall survival in patients with cancer (pooled HR 2.195, 95%CI:1.316–3.664) using Cox multivariate analyses. The clinicopathological parameters analysis further showed that increased expression level of CCAT1 was correlated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, distant metastasis, microvascular invasion and capsular formation in relevant cancers.


The meta-analysis results from present study suggested that increased expression level of CCAT1 was associated with poor prognosis and can serve as an independent biomarker. And the expression level of CCAT1 was associated with clinicopathological features in relevant cancers.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179346

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.