5 years ago

Acute Success of Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty in the Current Era

Acute Success of Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty in the Current Era
The aim of this study was to evaluate practice patterns and outcomes of a contemporary group of patients undergoing balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) for congenital aortic stenosis (AS). Background BAV is the most common treatment for isolated congenital AS. Methods Within the IMPACT (Improving Pediatric and Adult Congenital Treatments) Registry, all BAV procedures performed between January 2011 and March 2015 were identified. Procedures were separated into those performed for critical versus noncritical AS. Outcomes were stratified into optimal, adequate, and inadequate, with optimal and adequate outcomes defining “successful” procedures. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify patient and procedural characteristics associated with unsuccessful BAV. Mortality and adverse events rates were compared across patient cohorts. Results Of the 1,026 isolated BAV procedures captured in IMPACT, 718 (70%) were “successful.” Success rates were 70.9% for noncritical AS (n = 916) and 62.7% for critical AS (n = 110). Multivariate analysis revealed that prior cardiac catheterization, mixed valve disease, baseline aortic valve gradient >60 mm Hg, baseline aortic insufficiency greater than mild, presence of a trainee, and multiple balloon inflations were associated with unsuccessful BAV in the noncritical AS cohort. There were no factors associated with unsuccessful procedures in the critical AS group. No procedural deaths occurred, but 2.4% of patients did not survive to hospital discharge. Adverse events occurred in 15.8% of all cases and were more frequent in procedures performed for critical AS (30.0% vs. 14.1%; p < 0.001). Conclusions BAV is an effective treatment for congenital AS with low rates of mortality and adverse events. Patients with critical AS have a higher risk for procedure-related adverse events.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1936879817316163

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.