5 years ago

CRISPR correction of the PRKAG2 gene mutation in the patient's iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes eliminates the electrophysiological and structural abnormalities

Mutations in the PRKAG2 gene encoding the γ-subunit of adenosine monophosphate-kinase (AMPK) cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and familial-Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW). Patients carrying the R302Q mutation in PRKAG2 present sinus bradycardia, escape rhythms, ventricular pre-excitation, supraventricular tachycardia and atrioventricular block. This mutation affects AMPK activity and increases glycogen storage in cardiomyocytes. The link between glycogen storage, WPW, HCM and arrhythmias remains unknown. Objective To investigate the pathological changes caused by the PRKAG2 mutation we tested the hypothesis that the patient’s induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) display clinical aspects of the disease. Methods Using the CRISPR technology we corrected the mutation and generated isogenic iPSC-CMs. Action potentials were recorded from spontaneously firing and paced cardiomyocytes using the patch clamp technique. Using the Micro Electrode Array (MEA) set up we recorded electrograms from iPSC-CMs clusters. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) was used to detect ultrastructural abnormalities in the mutated iPSC-CMs. Results PRKAG2-mutated iPSC-CMs exhibited abnormal firing patterns, delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs), triggered arrhythmias and augmented Beat Rate Variability (BRV). Importantly, the CRISPR correction eliminated the electrophysiological abnormalities, the augmented glycogen storage and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Conclusion PRKAG2-mutated iPSC-CMs displayed functional and structural abnormalities, which were abolished by correcting the mutation in the patient's iPSCs using the CRISPR technology.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1547527117311037

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.