3 years ago

Long-term outcomes of minimally invasive surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation: A single-center experience

Minimally invasive surgical atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation (MISAA) delivers radiofrequency energy via a thoracoscopic approach to perform pulmonary vein isolation and left atrial ganglionic plexi ablation. Data on long-term outcomes of MISAA are lacking. Objective We report 5-year follow-up data from a prospective cohort of patients who underwent MISAA at a single center. Methods One hundred nine consecutive patients (60 paroxysmal, 49 persistent; mean age 62.7 ± 9.3 years) underwent MISAA with left atrial appendage exclusion by a single surgeon between 2006 and 2012. Patients were followed with transtelephonic monitoring at 1, 6, and 12 months and annually thereafter for up to 5 years. Recurrence was defined as any atrial tachyarrhythmia lasting ≥30 seconds from 90 days after surgery onward. Results Mean follow-up duration was 1738.5 ± 661.5 days. Single-procedure success rate was 38% (37 of 98 patients). Atrial arrhythmias occurred in 22%, 42%, 55%, 59%, and 62% of patients by 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years. Seventy-eight (79.6%) patients remained AF free with or without additional interventions including catheter ablation, antiarrhythmic drugs, or cardioversion. There was no significant difference in AF-free survival between paroxysmal and persistent AF groups (P = .725). Multivariate analyses showed hypertension to be a significant predictor of AF recurrence (odds ratio 6.6, confidence interval 1.41–30.80; P = .016). Five (5.1%) patients had a stroke or transient ischemic attack during follow-up. Conclusion AF-free survival was 38% at 5 years after MISAA. A total of 79.6% of patients remained AF free with or without additional intervention. Patients may have an ongoing risk of stroke even in the absence of AF recurrences.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1547527117304952

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.