3 years ago

Surgical treatment of peri-implantitis intrabony lesions by means of deproteinized bovine bone mineral with 10% collagen: 7-year-results

Paola Dalmasso, Dario Pittoni, Mario Roccuzzo, Lorena Charrier, Andrea Roccuzzo
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of the surgical treatment of single peri-implantitis intrabony defects, by means of deproteinized bovine bone mineral with 10% collagen (DBBMC). Material and Methods The original population consisted of 26 patients with one crater-like defect, around either sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) or titanium plasma-sprayed (TPS) dental implants, with a probing depth (PD) ≥6 mm and no implant mobility (Roccuzzo et al. J Clin Periodontol. 2011; 38: 738). Implants were mechanically debrided and treated using EDTA gel and chlorhexidine gel. The bone defects were filled with DBBMC, and the flap was sutured around the non-submerged implant. Patients were placed on an individually tailored supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). Results Two patients were lost to follow-up. During SPT, additional antibiotic and/or surgical therapy was necessary in eight implants, and four of these were removed for biologic complications. At 7-year, the survival rate was 83.3% for SLA implants and 71.4% for TPS. PD was significantly reduced from 6.6 ± 1.3 to 3.2 ± 0.7 mm in SLA and 7.2 ± 1.5 to 3.4 ± 0.6 mm in TPS. Bleeding on probing decreased from 75.0 ± 31.2% to 7.5 ± 12.1% (SLA) and from 90.0 ± 12.9% to 30.0 ± 19.7% (TPS). When successful therapy was defined as PD ≤5 mm, absence of bleeding/suppuration on probing, and no further bone loss, treatment success was obtained in 2 of 14 (14.3%) of the TPS and in 7 of 12 (58.3%) of the SLA implants. Conclusions Seven years after surgical treatment with DBBMC, patients, in an adequate SPT, maintained sufficient peri-implant conditions in many cases, particularly around SLA implants. Nevertheless, some patients required further treatment and some lost implants. The clinical decision on whether implants should be treated or removed should be based on several factors, including implant surface characteristics.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/clr.13028

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