5 years ago

Implant-guided supracrestal alveolar bone growth using scaffolds, BMP-2, and novel scaffold-retaining device

David Shafer, Liisa Kuhn, Martin Freilich, Peter Schleier, Bo Wen, David Pendrys
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of various scaffold systems and a Ti scaffold-retaining device with and without non-glycosylated rhBMP-2 (BMP-2) for increasing the vertical alveolar bone growth in the intra-oral mini-pig model. Methods Forty-eight Straumann Bone Level implants with hydrophilic (SLActive) surfaces were partially embedded in mandibles of 12 adult mini-pigs with the shoulder of the implant located 3 mm above the bone crest. Twenty-four implants were placed in conjunction with BMP-2 (50 μg) incorporated within resorbable scaffolds. Twenty-four additional control implants were placed with scaffolds only. Scaffolds were placed around the implant and stabilized with a newly developed Ti “umbrella” scaffold retainer. Scaffolds included (i) HA-coated collagen (Healos); (ii) biphasic HA/β-TCP crystals (Straumann Bone Ceramic, SBC); and (iii) SBC crystals infused with polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel. Eight test and control pairs for each scaffold group were implanted. At 9 weeks, soft tissue healing was assessed and the extent of new vertical bone was evaluated with microCT and histomorphometry. Results microCT analysis revealed a mean of 167 ± 47 mm3 new supracrestal mineralized tissue volume formation around the test sites where BMP-2 was released from the scaffold whereas the control group (no BMP-2) showed a significantly lower mineralized tissue volume of 106 ± 55 mm3. The SBC+BMP-2 group had the highest mineralized tissue volume of 189 ± 36 mm3. Histomorphometry showed bone-to-implant contact of 54.5% for the test groups and 33.3% for the control groups and new vertical bone growth of 2.2 ± 1.0 and 1.0 ± 0.9 mm, respectively. The SBC+BMP-2 group again demonstrated the best outcome (2.7 ± 0.4 mm). The qualitative scoring of soft tissue dehiscence showed that the presence of BMP-2 yielded far superior outcomes, 0.63 vs. 1.75 for all control implant sites (with scores ranging from 0, reflecting no soft dehiscence, to 4, showing a completely exposed umbrella). Conclusion The release of BMP-2 from a SBC scaffold adjacent to a hydrophilic, rough Ti implant and scaffold retention umbrella consistently regenerated the greatest volume and height of new vertical bone along the length of the implant.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/clr.13005

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.