3 years ago

Excess psychosocial burden in women with diabetes and premature acute coronary syndrome

T. M. Peters, A. M. Rossi, H. Behlouli, R. Pelletier, L. Pilote
Aim Diabetes is a stronger risk factor for acute coronary syndrome for women than men. We investigate whether behavioural and psychosocial factors contribute to the disparity in acute coronary syndrome risk and outcomes among women with diabetes relative to women without diabetes and men. Methods Among 939 participants in the GENESIS-PRAXY cohort study of premature acute coronary syndrome (age ≤ 55 years), we compared the prevalence of traditional and non-traditional factors by sex and Type 2 diabetes status. In a case-only analysis, we used generalized logit models to investigate the influence of traditional and non-traditional factors on the interaction of sex and diabetes. Results In 287 women (14.3% with diabetes) and 652 men (10.4% with diabetes), women and men with diabetes showed a heavier burden of traditional cardiac risk factors compared with individuals without diabetes. Women with diabetes were more likely to be the primary earner and have more anxiety relative to women without diabetes, and reported worse perceived health compared with women without diabetes and men with diabetes. The interaction term for sex and diabetes (odds ratio (OR) 1.40, 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) 0.83–2.36) was diminished after additional adjustment for non-traditional factors (OR 1.12, 95% CI 0.54–2.32), but not traditional factors alone (OR 1.41, 95% CI 0.84–2.36). Conclusions We observed trends toward a more adverse psychosocial profile among women with diabetes and incident acute coronary syndrome compared with women without diabetes and men with diabetes, which may explain the increased risk of acute coronary syndrome in women with diabetes and may also contribute to worse outcomes.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/dme.13452

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