5 years ago

Prevalence and characteristics of paediatric Type 2 diabetes in the Republic of Ireland

M. J. O'Grady, M. I. O'Dea, S. M. O'Connell
Objective To establish the prevalence of paediatric Type 2 diabetes in the Republic of Ireland and describe patient demographics, initial presentation, management, outcomes, comorbidities and complications. Methods Using a standardized proforma we conducted a cross-sectional survey of children and adolescents aged < 16 years with a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes between October and December 2015 in each of the 19 centres in the Republic of Ireland responsible for the care of children with diabetes. Results Twelve cases of Type 2 diabetes were identified, giving a prevalence in children aged <16 years of 1.2/100 000 (95% CI 0.6 to 2). Six of these children (50%) were white, two (33%) of whom were members of the travelling community. Four (33%) were of black ethnicity. The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in traveller children was 16.1/100 000 (95% CI 1.9 to 58.1) and was similar to that in black children, a known high-risk group, which was 13.3/100 000 (95% CI 3.6 to 34.1). The median current HbA1c value was 51 mmol/mol (6.8%) and four (33%) of the children achieved the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes target HbA1c of ≤48 mmol/mol (6.5%). Seven (59%) children were managed on metformin monotherapy, three (25%) were managed on insulin and metformin in combination, and two (16%) were receiving dietary management. Conclusion This was the first national study to estimate the prevalence of childhood Type 2 diabetes in Ireland. Despite their white ethnicity, traveller children appear to be a high-risk group, but this finding requires further study.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/dme.13425

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.