5 years ago

Rosiglitazone improves insulin resistance mediated by 10,12 conjugated linoleic acid in a male mouse model of metabolic syndrome.

Goodspeed L, den Hartigh LJ, Houston B, Turk KE, Wang S
Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (10,12 CLA) is a dietary fatty acid that promotes weight loss and disproportionate fat loss. Obese mice fed a high-fat, high-sucrose (HFHS) diet containing 10,12 CLA are resistant to weight gain and contain markedly reduced subcutaneous fat and adiponectin, with a concurrent lack of improvement in insulin sensitivity despite significant weight loss. Taken together, 10,12 CLA promotes a phenotype resembling peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ antagonism. Because thiazolidinediones such as rosiglitazone (Rosi) are used clinically to improve insulin sensitivity by activating PPARγ, with particular efficacy in subcutaneous white adipose tissue, we hypothesized that Rosi would improve glucose metabolism in mice losing weight with 10,12 CLA. Obese low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice were fed a HFHS control diet, or supplemented with 1% 10,12 CLA with or without Rosi (10 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Body composition, glucose and insulin tolerance tests, tissue gene expression, and plasma lipid analyses were performed. Mice consuming 10,12 CLA with Rosi lost weight and body fat compared with control groups, but with a healthier redistribution of body fat toward more subcutaneous adipose tissue than with 10,12 CLA alone. Further, Rosi improved 10,12 CLA-mediated insulin resistance parameters and increased plasma and subcutaneous adipose tissue adiponectin levels without adverse effects on plasma or hepatic lipids. We conclude that cotreatment of mice with 10,12 CLA and Rosi promotes fat loss with a healthier fat distribution that leads to improved insulin sensitivity, suggesting that the combination treatment strategy of 10,12 CLA with Rosi could have therapeutic potential for obesity treatment.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28651330

DOI: PubMed:28651330

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.