5 years ago

Impact of Glycemic Control on Risk of Infections in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Thomsen RW, Beck-Nielsen H, Sørensen HT, Dekkers OM, Nielsen JS, Mor A
Infections are a major clinical challenge for type 2 diabetes patients, but little is known about the impact of glycemic control. We used Cox regression analyses to examine the association between baseline and time-varying hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values and development of community antiinfective-agent-treated and hospital-treated infections in 69,318 patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed between 2000 and 2012 in Northern Denmark. Incidence rates were 394/1,000 patient-years for community-treated infections and 63/1,000 patient-years for hospital-treated infections. The adjusted hazard ratios for community-treated infection at an HbA1c level of ≥10.50%, as compared with 5.50%-<6.49%, were 0.97 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.94, 1.00) for HbA1c measured at early baseline, 1.09 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.14) for updated mean HbA1c, 1.13 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.19) for updated time-weighted mean HbA1c, and 1.19 (95% CI: 1.14, 1.26) for the latest updated HbA1c. Corresponding estimates for hospital-treated infections were 1.08 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.14) for early baseline HbA1c, 1.55 (95% CI: 1.42, 1.71) for updated mean HbA1c, 1.58 (95% CI: 1.44, 1.72) for updated time-weighted mean HbA1c, and 1.64 (95% CI: 1.51, 1.79) for the latest updated HbA1c. Our findings provide evidence for an association between current hyperglycemia and infection risk in type 2 diabetes patients.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28459981

DOI: PubMed:28459981

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.