5 years ago

Human Leukocyte Antigen Shared Epitope and Inflammation, Cardiovascular Disease, Cancer, and Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women in the Women's Health Initiative Rheumatoid Arthritis Study.

Deane KD, Kuller LH, Liu S, Holers VM, Chang Y, Mackey RH, Walitt BT, Robinson WH, Birru Talabi M, Moreland LW, Dorman JS
Specific alleles of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 gene (HLA-DRB1) encode a "shared epitope" (SE) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially more severe cyclic-citrullinated peptide antibody-positive (anti-CCP+) RA. We evaluated associations of number of SE alleles (0, 1, or 2) with total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and incident coronary heart disease (CHD), CVD, and cancer over a mean 8.9 (standard deviation, 3.5) years of follow-up, stratifying by baseline anti-CCP status (positive (+) vs. negative (-)). A longitudinal study, the Women's Health Initiative RA Study (1993-2010), sampled postmenopausal women who reported RA at baseline (1993-1998) or follow-up in the Women's Health Initiative, classified as anti-CCP+ RA (n = 556) or anti-CCP- non-RA (n = 1,070). Among anti-CCP+ RA women, SE alleles were not related to age-adjusted risks of CHD, CVD, or cancer or to total or CVD mortality. Among anti-CCP- non-RA women, age-adjusted hazard ratios for 1 and 2 SE alleles versus 0 SE alleles were 0.41 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.34, 0.50) and 0.44 (95% CI: 0.27, 0.72), respectively, for CVD; 0.43 (95% CI: 0.37, 0.53) and 0.30 (95% CI: 0.16, 0.64), respectively, for CHD; and 0.62 (95% CI: 0.53, 0.73) and 0.52 (95% CI: 0.33, 0.83), respectively, for cancer. Associations persisted after adjustment for CVD risk factors, joint pain, rheumatoid factor positivity, and inflammatory markers (white blood cell count or cytokine level). In future studies, investigators should evaluate SE associations among anti-CCP- adults without RA and potential mechanisms.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28459968

DOI: PubMed:28459968

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.