3 years ago

Mechanism of Formation of the Nonstandard Product in the Prenyltransferase Reaction of the G115T Mutant of FtmPT1: A Case of Reaction Dynamics Calling the Shots?

Mechanism of Formation of the Nonstandard Product in the Prenyltransferase Reaction of the G115T Mutant of FtmPT1: A Case of Reaction Dynamics Calling the Shots?
Kenneth M. Merz, Lin Frank Song, Yue Yang, Li-Li Pan, Yipu Miao
FtmPT1 is a fungal indole prenyltransferase that affords Tryprostatin B from Brevianamide F and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate; however, when a single residue in the active site is mutated (Gly115Thr), a novel five-membered ring compound is obtained as the major product with Tryprostatin B as the minor product. Herein, we describe detailed studies of the catalysis of the Gly115Thr mutant of FtmPT1 with a focus on the observed regioselectivity of the reaction. We employ one- and two-dimensional potential of mean force simulations to explore the catalytic mechanism, along with molecular dynamics simulations exploring the reaction dynamics of the prenyl transfer reaction. Single-point electronic structure calculations were also used to explore the performance of the self-consistent charge density functional tight-binding method to model specific reaction steps. Importantly, we observe that the two reaction pathways have comparable activation parameters and propose that the origin of the novel product is predicated, at least in part, on the topology of the potential energy surface as revealed by reaction dynamics studies.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00248

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00248

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