5 years ago

RABIF/MSS4 is a Rab-stabilizing holdase chaperone required for GLUT4 exocytosis [Cell Biology]

RABIF/MSS4 is a Rab-stabilizing holdase chaperone required for GLUT4 exocytosis [Cell Biology]
Haijia Yu, Jingshi Shen, Daniel R. Gulbranson, Brittany A. Demmitt, Yihong Ye, Yan Ouyang, Eric M. Davis

Rab GTPases are switched from their GDP-bound inactive conformation to a GTP-bound active state by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs). The first putative GEFs isolated for Rabs are RABIF (Rab-interacting factor)/MSS4 (mammalian suppressor of Sec4) and its yeast homolog DSS4 (dominant suppressor of Sec4). However, the biological function and molecular mechanism of these molecules remained unclear. In a genome-wide CRISPR genetic screen, we isolated RABIF as a positive regulator of exocytosis. Knockout of RABIF severely impaired insulin-stimulated GLUT4 exocytosis in adipocytes. Unexpectedly, we discovered that RABIF does not function as a GEF, as previously assumed. Instead, RABIF promotes the stability of Rab10, a key Rab in GLUT4 exocytosis. In the absence of RABIF, Rab10 can be efficiently synthesized but is rapidly degraded by the proteasome, leading to exocytosis defects. Strikingly, restoration of Rab10 expression rescues exocytosis defects, bypassing the requirement for RABIF. These findings reveal a crucial role of RABIF in vesicle transport and establish RABIF as a Rab-stabilizing holdase chaperone, a previously unrecognized mode of Rab regulation independent of its GDP-releasing activity. Besides Rab10, RABIF also regulates the stability of two other Rab GTPases, Rab8 and Rab13, suggesting that the requirement of holdase chaperones is likely a general feature of Rab GTPases.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.