4 years ago

Improving the Performance of Graphene Phototransistors Using a Heterostructure as the Light-Absorbing Layer

Improving the Performance of Graphene Phototransistors Using a Heterostructure as the Light-Absorbing Layer
Xiaolong Liu, Xiaomu Wang, Fengqiu Wang, Zhenhua Ni, Xiaoqing Chen, Bing Wu, Xinran Wang, Yi Shi, Hui Guo, Haiyan Nan
Interfacing light-sensitive semiconductors with graphene can afford high-gain phototransistors by the multiplication effect of carriers in the semiconductor layer. So far, most devices consist of one semiconductor light-absorbing layer, where the lack of internal built-in field can strongly reduce the quantum efficiency and bandwidth. Here, we demonstrate a much improved graphene phototransistor performances using an epitaxial organic heterostructure composed of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) and pentacene as the light-absorbing layer. Compared with single light-absorbing material, the responsivity and response time can be simultaneously improved by 1 and 2 orders of magnitude over a broad band of 400–700 nm, under otherwise the same experimental conditions. As a result, the external quantum efficiency increases by over 800 times. Furthermore, the response time of the heterostructured phototransistor is highly gate-tunable down to sub-30 μs, which is among the fastest in the sensitized graphene phototransistors interfacing with electrically passive light-absorbing semiconductors. We show that the improvement is dominated by the efficient electron–hole pair dissociation due to interfacial built-in field rather than bulk absorption. The structure demonstrated here can be extended to many other organic and inorganic semiconductors, which opens new possibilities for high-performance graphene-based optoelectronics.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03263

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03263

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