3 years ago

Ultralight and Flexible Polyurethane/Silver Nanowire Nanocomposites with Unidirectional Pores for Highly Effective Electromagnetic Shielding

Ultralight and Flexible Polyurethane/Silver Nanowire Nanocomposites with Unidirectional Pores for Highly Effective Electromagnetic Shielding
Seyed Ismail Seyed Shahabadi, Xuehong Lu, Mingji Chen, Yongmao Pei, Boyang Che, Peiyu Wang, Zhihui Zeng
Flexible waterborne polyurethane (WPU)/silver nanowire (AgNW) nanocomposites with unidirectionally aligned micrometer-sized pores are fabricated using a facile freeze-drying process, and their dimensions, densities, and AgNW contents are easily controllable. The high-aspect-ratio AgNWs are well-dispersed in the nanocomposite cell walls, giving the nanocomposites good compression strength and excellent electrical conductivity even at very low densities. The large conductivity mismatch between the AgNWs and WPU also induces substantial interfacial polarization that benefits the absorption of electromagnetic (EM) waves, whereas the aligned cell walls promote multireflections of the waves in the porous architectures, further facilitating the absorption. The synergistic actions of the AgNWs, WPU, and unidirectionally aligned pores lead to ultrahigh EM shielding performance. The X-band shielding effectiveness (SE) of the nanocomposites is 64 and 20 dB at the densities of merely 45 and 8 mg/cm3, respectively, and ultrahigh surface specific SE of ∼1087 dB cm3/(g mm) is achieved with only 0.027 vol % AgNWs, demonstrating that they are promising ultralight, flexible, mechanically robust, high-performance EM shielding materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b07643

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07643

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.