5 years ago

Selection of an aptamer against Muscovy duck parvovirus for highly sensitive rapid visual detection by label-free aptasensor

Selection of an aptamer against Muscovy duck parvovirus for highly sensitive rapid visual detection by label-free aptasensor
Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV) causes high mortality and morbidity in ducks. This study investigated a novel aptamer-based, label-free aptasensor detection of MDPV. In this study, we developed an ssDNA aptamer using the filtration partition and lambda exonuclease method with an affinity-based monitor and counter-screening process. After 15 rounds of SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment), the ssDNA aptamer Apt-10, which specifically bound to MDPV with high affinity (K d = 467nM) was successfully screened, and the aptamer was also found to be good specific to MDPV. The selected Apt-10 aptamer can be used to distinguish MDPV and goose parvovirus (GPV). Three-dimensional structural analysis of the Apt-10 aptamer indicated that it folded into a compact stem-loop motif, which was related to its high affinity. Finally, a label-free detection method based on unmodified gold nanoparticles and Apt-10 aptamer was developed for MDPV determination. The concentration of Apt-10 aptamer at 5μM was optimal for MDPV determination in the label-free aptasensor. Excellent linearity was acquired and the lowest detection limit was 1.5 or 3 EID50 (50% egg infection dose) of MDPV, respectively, depending upon spectrophotometry or the naked eye were used. These results show the potential of the aptamer for the rapid detection of MDPV and antiviral research.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0039914017308548

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