3 years ago

Relationship between bulk phase, near surface and outermost atomic layer of VPO catalysts and their catalytic performance in the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

Relationship between bulk phase, near surface and outermost atomic layer of VPO catalysts and their catalytic performance in the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane
A set of vanadium phosphorous oxide (VPO) catalysts, mainly consisting of (VO)2P2O7, VO(PO3)2 or VOPO4·2H2O bulk crystalline phases, has been investigated for the oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of ethane to ethylene, a key potential reaction for a sustainable industrial and socioeconomic development. The catalytic performance on these VPO catalysts has been explained on the basis of the main crystalline phases and the corresponding surface features found by XPS and LEISS at 400°C, i.e. within the temperature range used for ODH reaction. The catalysts based on (VO)2P2O7 phase presented the highest catalytic activity and productivity to ethylene. Nevertheless, the catalysts consisting of VO(PO3)2 structure showed higher selectivity to ethylene, reaching 90% selectivity at ca. 10% ethane conversion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest selectivity reported on a vanadium phosphorous oxide at similar conversions for the ethane ODH. In general, catalysts consisting of crystalline phases with vanadium present as V4+, i.e. (VO)2P2O7 and VO(PO3)2, were found to be significantly more selective to ethylene than those containing V5+ phases. The surface analysis by XPS showed an inverse correlation between the mean oxidation state of vanadium near surface and the selectivity to ethylene. The lower averaged oxidation states of vanadium appear to be favoured by the presence of V3+ species near the surface, which was only found in the catalysts containing V4+ phases. Among those catalysts the one based on VO(PO3)2 phase shows the highest selectivity, which could be related to the most isolated scenario of V species (the lowest V content relative to P) found at the outermost surface by low energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEISS), a “true” surface technique only sensitive to the outermost atomic layer.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021951717303056

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.