4 years ago

3D-Printed All-Fiber Li-Ion Battery toward Wearable Energy Storage

3D-Printed All-Fiber Li-Ion Battery toward Wearable Energy Storage
Yiju Li, Liangbing Hu, Hua Xie, Xiaogang Han, Kun (Kelvin) Fu, Jiupeng Zhao, Tingting Gao, Chaoji Chen, Glenn Pastel, Yonggang Yao, Yibo Wang
Conventional bulky and rigid power systems are incapable of meeting flexibility and breathability requirements for wearable applications. Despite the tremendous efforts dedicated to developing various 1D energy storage devices with sufficient flexibility, challenges remain pertaining to fabrication scalability, cost, and efficiency. Here, a scalable, low-cost, and high-efficiency 3D printing technology is applied to fabricate a flexible all-fiber lithium-ion battery (LIB). Highly viscous polymer inks containing carbon nanotubes and either lithium iron phosphate (LFP) or lithium titanium oxide (LTO) are used to print LFP fiber cathodes and LTO fiber anodes, respectively. Both fiber electrodes demonstrate good flexibility and high electrochemical performance in half-cell configurations. All-fiber LIB can be successfully assembled by twisting the as-printed LFP and LTO fibers together with gel polymer as the quasi-solid electrolyte. The all-fiber device exhibits a high specific capacity of ≈110 mAh g−1 at a current density of 50 mA g−1 and maintains a good flexibility of the fiber electrodes, which can be potentially integrated into textile fabrics for future wearable electronic applications. Printable all-fiber quasi-solid-state lithium-ion batteries are developed through an efficient, scalable, and cost-effective 3D printing approach. The all-fiber device demonstrates high mechanical flexibility, mechanical strength, and excellent electrochemical performance, holding great promise for flexible and wearable electronic applications.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201703140

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