3 years ago

Extreme Dynamics in the BamA β-Barrel Seam

Extreme Dynamics in the BamA β-Barrel Seam
Marcelo C. Sousa, Pamela Arden Doerner
BamA is an essential component of the β-barrel assembly machine (BAM) that is responsible for insertion and folding of β-barrel outer membrane proteins (OMPs) in Gram-negative bacteria. BamA is an OMP itself, and its β-barrel transmembrane domain is thought to catalyze OMP insertion and folding, although the molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. Crystal structures of BamA and complementary molecular dynamics simulations have shown that its β-barrel seam (the interface between the first and last barrel strands) is destabilized. This has led to mechanistic models in which the BamA barrel seam functions as a lateral gate that opens and successively accepts β-hairpins from a nascent OMP such that a nascent barrel can bud from BamA. Consistent with this model, disulfide locking of the BamA barrel seam is lethal in Escherichia coli. Here we show that disulfide locking of the BamA barrel has no effect on its ability to catalyze folding of a model OMP into liposomes. However, disulfide trapping experiments indicate that the BamA barrel is highly dynamic in the liposome membranes, with the β-strands at the barrel seam undergoing “register sliding” by more than 14 Å both up and down the membrane. Remarkably, these extreme dynamics were also observed in the BamA barrel in the context of the native E. coli outer membrane. These results are consistent with a model in which the BamA barrel dynamics induce defects in the outer membrane that facilitate insertion of nascent OMPs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00281

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00281

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.