3 years ago

Controlled Photoredox Ring-Opening Polymerization of O-Carboxyanhydrides

Controlled Photoredox Ring-Opening Polymerization of O-Carboxyanhydrides
Quanyou Feng, Rong Tong
Poly(α-hydroxy acids) are important biodegradable polymers with wide applications. Attempts to synthesize them from O-carboxyanhydrides with pendant functional groups by various methods, including methods involving organocatalysts or organometallics, have been plagued by uncontrolled polymerization, including epimerization for some monomers, which hampers the preparation of stereoregular high-molecular-weight polymers. Herein we describe an effective protocol that combines photoredox Ni/Ir catalysis with the use of a Zn-alkoxide for efficient ring-opening polymerization, allowing for the synthesis of isotactic polyesters with expected molecular weights (>140 kDa) and narrow molecular weight distributions (Mw/Mn < 1.1). Mechanistic studies indicate that the use of a low temperature (−20 °C) and photoredox Ni/Ir catalysis synergistically accelerates ring-opening and decarboxylation of the monomer for chain propagation while avoiding the formation of the undesired Ni-carbonyl complex.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b01462

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b01462

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.