4 years ago

Porous lignin based poly (acrylic acid)/organo-montmorillonite nanocomposites: Swelling behaviors and rapid removal of Pb (II) ions

Porous lignin based poly (acrylic acid)/organo-montmorillonite nanocomposites: Swelling behaviors and rapid removal of Pb (II) ions
Lignin grafted N, N′-methylene-bisacrylamide (LM) was copolymerized with acrylic acid (AA) to fabricate lignin based poly (acrylic acid) (LBPAA) nanocomposites, and organo-montmorillonite (OrgMMT) was uniformly dispersed in LBPAA by ultrasonic method. The water absorbency in KCl solution was 302.9 g/g for LBPAA/OrgMMT (3 wt% OrgMMT, 43.65 wt% LM, and 53.35 wt% poly(acrylic acid) (PAA)), higher than PAA/OrgMMT (104.5736 g/g), and PAA (131.8 g/g). The Pb2+ adsorption for LBPAA/OrgMMT was demonstrated to be pH-dependent and followed Freundlich multilayer adsorption, with the removal following a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The Pb2+ absorption capacity of LBPAA (PAA 48.50/48.50 LM)/OrgMMT (3 wt%) was 1.0803 mmol·g−1, the highest among the composites. When the mole ratio of Na+ and Pb2+ was less than 0.21, the Pb2+ adsorption capacity of LBPAA/OrgMMT decreased slightly. The negative ΔG0 indicated that the Pb2+ adsorption process for composite hydrogel and PAA was spontaneous. XPS analysis data indicated that Pb2+ ions formed Pb-O bonds by hydroxyl groups and carboxyl groups for efficient lead ion adsorption. This study demonstrates that LBPAA/OrgMMT can be used as a water retention agent with salt tolerance and as an adsorbent for removing Pb2+ ions from industrial waste water.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0032386117308716

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.