Maintenance of antiangiogenic and antitumor effects by orally active low-dose capecitabine for long-term cancer therapy [Medical Sciences]
Long-term uninterrupted therapy is essential for maximizing clinical benefits of antiangiogenic drugs (AADs) in cancer patients. Unfortunately, nearly all clinically available AADs are delivered to cancer patients using disrupted regimens. We aim to develop lifetime, nontoxic, effective, orally active, and low-cost antiangiogenic and antitumor drugs for treatment of cancer patients. Here we report our findings of long-term maintenance therapy with orally active, nontoxic, low cost antiangiogenic chemotherapeutics for effective cancer treatment. In a sequential treatment regimen, robust antiangiogenic effects in tumors were achieved with an anti-VEGF drug, followed by a low-dose chemotherapy. The nontoxic, low dose of the orally active prodrug capecitabine was able to sustain the anti-VEGF–induced vessel regression for long periods. In another experimental setting, maintenance of low-dose capecitabine produced greater antiangiogenic and antitumor effects after AAD plus chemotherapy. No obvious adverse effects were developed after more than 2-mo of consecutive treatment with a low dose of capecitabine. Together, our findings provide a rationalized concept of effective cancer therapy by long-term maintenance of AAD-triggered antiangiogenic effects with orally active, nontoxic, low-cost, clinically available chemotherapeutics.
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.