3 years ago

Functional proteogenomics reveals biomarkers and therapeutic targets in lymphomas [Medical Sciences]

Functional proteogenomics reveals biomarkers and therapeutic targets in lymphomas [Medical Sciences]
David M. Weinstock, Gilbert S. Omenn, Kojo S. J. Elenitoba-Johnson, Kevin P. Conlon, Megan S. Lim, David E. Root, Nathanael G. Bailey, Dafydd G. Thomas, Noah A. Brown, Chih-Chiang Tsou, Samuel Y. Ng, Yoon-Kyung Jeon, Venkatesha Basrur, Delphine C. M. Rolland, Damian Fermin, Robert B. Faryabi, Alexey I. Nesvizhskii, Carla McNeil-Schwalm, Yeqiao Zhou

Identification of biomarkers and therapeutic targets is a critical goal of precision medicine. N-glycoproteins are a particularly attractive class of proteins that constitute potential cancer biomarkers and therapeutic targets for small molecules, antibodies, and cellular therapies. Using mass spectrometry (MS), we generated a compendium of 1,091 N-glycoproteins (from 40 human primary lymphomas and cell lines). Hierarchical clustering revealed distinct subtype signatures that included several subtype-specific biomarkers. Orthogonal immunological studies in 671 primary lymphoma tissue biopsies and 32 lymphoma-derived cell lines corroborated MS data. In anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK+) anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), integration of N-glycoproteomics and transcriptome sequencing revealed an ALK-regulated cytokine/receptor signaling network, including vulnerabilities corroborated by a genome-wide clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic screen. Functional targeting of IL-31 receptor β, an ALCL-enriched and ALK-regulated N-glycoprotein in this network, abrogated ALK+ALCL growth in vitro and in vivo. Our results highlight the utility of functional proteogenomic approaches for discovery of cancer biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.