3 years ago

Structural studies of viperin, an antiviral radical SAM enzyme [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Structural studies of viperin, an antiviral radical SAM enzyme [Biophysics and Computational Biology]
Yue Li, Yorgo Modis, Peter Cresswell, Michael K. Fenwick, Steven E. Ealick

Viperin is an IFN-inducible radical S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) enzyme that inhibits viral replication. We determined crystal structures of an anaerobically prepared fragment of mouse viperin (residues 45–362) complexed with S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) or 5′-deoxyadenosine (5′-dAdo) and l-methionine (l-Met). Viperin contains a partial (βα)6-barrel fold with a disordered N-terminal extension (residues 45–74) and a partially ordered C-terminal extension (residues 285–362) that bridges the partial barrel to form an overall closed barrel structure. Cys84, Cys88, and Cys91 located after the first β-strand bind a [4Fe-4S] cluster. The active site architecture of viperin with bound SAH (a SAM analog) or 5′-dAdo and l-Met (SAM cleavage products) is consistent with the canonical mechanism of 5′-deoxyadenosyl radical generation. The viperin structure, together with sequence alignments, suggests that vertebrate viperins are highly conserved and that fungi contain a viperin-like ortholog. Many bacteria and archaebacteria also express viperin-like enzymes with conserved active site residues. Structural alignments show that viperin is similar to several other radical SAM enzymes, including the molybdenum cofactor biosynthetic enzyme MoaA and the RNA methyltransferase RlmN, which methylates specific nucleotides in rRNA and tRNA. The viperin putative active site contains several conserved positively charged residues, and a portion of the active site shows structural similarity to the GTP-binding site of MoaA, suggesting that the viperin substrate may be a nucleoside triphosphate of some type.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.