3 years ago

Performance evaluation and microbial community shift of a sequencing batch reactor under silica nanoparticles stress

The performance, microbial community and enzymatic activity of a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) were evaluated at different silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) concentrations. SiO2 NPs concentration at 5–30mg/L had a slight inhibitory impact on the nitrogen and COD removals, whereas the phosphorus removal was obviously inhibited at 30mg/L SiO2 NPs. The rates of nitrification, nitrite reduction and phosphorus removal decreased with the increase of SiO2 NPs concentration. The nitrate reduction rate decreased at less than 5mg/L SiO2 NPs and subsequently showed an increase at 10–30mg/L SiO2 NPs. The organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus removal rates had similar varying tendencies to the corresponding microbial enzymatic activities under SiO2 NPs stress. Some SiO2 NPs were firstly absorbed on sludge surface and subsequently entered the interior of the microbial cells, which could exert the biological toxicity to activated sludge. The microbial community showed some obvious variations under SiO2 NPs stress.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960852417315663

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