5 years ago

The impact of scopolamine pretreatment on 3-iodothyronamine (T1AM) effects on memory and pain in mice

We previously demonstrated that 3-iodothyronamine (T1AM), a by-product of thyroid hormone metabolism, pharmacologically administered to mice acutely stimulated learning and memory acquisition and provided hyperalgesia with a mechanism which remains to be defined. We now aimed to investigate whether the T1AM effect on memory and pain was maintained in mice pre-treated with scopolamine, a non-selective muscarinic antagonist expected to induce amnesia and, possibly, hyperalgesia. Mice were pre-treated with scopolamine and, after 20min, injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) with T1AM (0.13, 0.4, 1.32μg/kg). 15min after T1AM injection, the mice learning capacity or their pain threshold were evaluated by the light/dark box and by the hot plate test (51.5°C) respectively. Experiments in the light/dark box were repeated in mice receiving clorgyline (2.5mg/kg, i.p.), a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor administered 10min before scopolamine (0.3mg/kg). Our results demonstrated that 0.3mg/kg scopolamine induced amnesia without modifying the murine pain threshold. T1AM fully reversed scopolamine-induced amnesia and produced hyperalgesia at a dose as low as 0.13μg/kg. The T1AM anti-amnestic effect was lost in mice pre-treated with clorgyline. We report that the removal of muscarinic signalling increases T1AM pro learning and hyperalgesic effectiveness suggesting T1AM as a potential treatment as a “pro-drug” for memory dysfunction in neurodegenerative diseases.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0018506X17302945

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