5 years ago

The Resting Perfusion Pattern Associates with Functional Decline in Type 2 Diabetes

We investigated the relationships between cerebral blood flow (CBF), cognitive and mobility decline in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) over a two-year period. Seventy-three participants (41 T2DM and 32 controls) were evaluated using volumetric CBF with arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI) at baseline and at the two-year follow-up. Regions with significant CBF differences between T2DM participants and controls at baseline were detected using voxel-wise analysis. Correlation analysis was performed to investigate the association between regional CBF and cognitive or mobility performance over the two-year span. Compared to controls, participants with T2DM had decreased CBF in the resting state default mode, visual, and cerebellum networks. Greater decrease in longitudinal CBF values at these regions over a two-year span was associated with worse gait, memory and executive functions, and higher baseline insulin resistance and worse baseline cognitive performance. In T2DM, impairment of resting regional perfusion is closely related to worse cognitive and mobility performance. Insulin resistance may further contribute to regional perfusion deficit in T2DM.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S019745801730297X

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