3 years ago

Two-level diagnostic classification using cerebrospinal fluid YKL-40 in Alzheimer's disease

We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) YKL-40 in discriminating (1) clinical Alzheimer's disease (AD) from cognitively healthy controls (HCs) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) (level I) and (2) patients stratified by different pathophysiological profiles from HCs and FTD following a novel unbiased/descriptive categorization based on CSF biomarkers, independent of cognitive impairment severity (level II). Methods YKL-40 was compared among HCs (n = 21), mild cognitive impairment (n = 41), AD (n = 35), and FTD (n = 9) (level I) and among HCs (n = 21), AD pathophysiology (tau and amyloid β) negative (n = 15), tau positive (n = 15), amyloid β positive (n = 13), AD pathophysiology positive (n = 33), and FTD (n = 9) (level II). Results Level I: YKL-40 discriminated AD from HC and FTD (area under the receiver operating characteristic curves [AUROCs] = 0.69, 0.71). Level II: YKL-40 discriminated tau-positive individuals and AD pathophysiology–positive individuals from HC, AD pathophysiology–positive patients from FTD (AUROCs = 0.76, 0.72, 0.73). Discussion YKL-40 demonstrates fair performance in distinguishing tau-positive patients from HCs, suggesting it may aid clinical diagnosis and support a biomarker-guided pathophysiological stratification.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S155252601730047X

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.