3 years ago

N-Acetonitrile Functionalized Nitropyrazoles: Precursors to Insensitive Asymmetric N-Methylene-C Linked Azoles

N-Acetonitrile Functionalized Nitropyrazoles: Precursors to Insensitive Asymmetric N-Methylene-C Linked Azoles
Damon A. Parrish, Jean'ne M. Shreeve, Dheeraj Kumar, Gregory H. Imler
Properties of energetic compounds obtained by linking energetic pyrazoles to tetrazoles by means of N-methylene-C bridges can be fine-tuned. Reactions of pyrazole derivatives with chloroacetonitrile followed by conversion of the cyano group to tetrazole using click reactions in the presence of zinc chloride result in asymmetric N-methylene-C bridged azole-based energetic compounds. All the compounds were thoroughly characterized by IR and NMR [1H, 13C {1H}, 15N] spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and for two compounds, further supported by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Heats of formation and detonation performances were calculated using Gaussian 03 and EXPLO5 v6.01 programs, respectively. Initial studies show that this new approach is promising for synthesizing less sensitive energetic compounds with fine-tuned properties. Fine-tuning of energetic properties: Properties of energetic compounds obtained through linking energetic pyrazoles to tetrazoles by means of N-methylene-C bridges can be fine-tuned. Initial studies show that this new approach is promising for synthesizing less sensitive energetic compounds with fine-tuned properties.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201700786

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