3 years ago

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (Nod2) modulates T1DM susceptibility by gut microbiota

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (Nod2) is an innate immune receptor. To investigate the role of Nod2 in susceptibility to the autoimmune disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), we generated Nod2 −/− non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. The Nod2 −/−NOD mice had different composition of the gut microbiota compared to Nod2 +/+NOD mice and were significantly protected from diabetes, but only when housed separately from Nod2 +/+NOD mice. This suggested that T1DM susceptibility in Nod2 −/−NOD mice is dependent on the alteration of gut microbiota, which modulated the frequency and function of IgA-secreting B-cells and IL-10 promoting T-regulatory cells. Finally, colonizing germ-free NOD mice with Nod2 −/−NOD gut microbiota significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine-secreting immune cells but increased T-regulatory cells. Thus, gut microbiota modulate the immune system and T1D susceptibility. Importantly, our study raises a critical question about the housing mode in the interpretation of the disease phenotype of genetically-modified mouse strains in T1DM studies.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0896841117301063

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.